I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
In Exodus 20:2 we see the Ten Commandments as the LORD GOD spoke them to Moses and the children of Israel, while in Deuteronomy 5:6 we see the Ten Commandments as repeated by Moses to the children of Israel just before they went into the Promised Land. Moses repeated word for word GOD’s preface to the Ten Commandments.
Here GOD gives three reasons why He has the right to give the Ten Commandments; the foundational commandments for people to live in the Kingdom of GOD while still here on earth.
Reason One: I am the LORD thy God.
I (H595) ‘ânôkı̂y
A primitive pronoun; I: – I, me, X which.
the LORD (H3068) yehôvâh
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God: – Jehovah, the Lord. Compare H3050, H3069.
thy God (H430) ‘ĕlôhı̂ym
Plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative: – angels, X exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.
As you have likely noticed, “am” is in italics. This shows that a word for “am” was not used in the original language, but was inserted for better understanding in the English language by the original translators. You have also likely noticed there is not a word for “thy”, and that the word translated “God” does not mean “your God” and but is translated as such; again, the original English translators inserted the word “thy” because it went with their understanding of the words in their context. The phrase would be more directly translated, “I, LORD God.”
My understanding of this phrase is, “I LORD GOD.” This reminds me of GOD’s conversation with Moses from the burning bush on Mount Horeb.
Exodus 3:13-15 And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? (14) And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. (15) And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.
“I AM THAT I AM” is the Name GOD gave for Himself to Moses. Translated from Hebrew this phrase can also be understood “I AM WHAT I AM” and “I AM WHO I AM”. GOD IS WHO GOD IS, no matter what we think, say, or do about it; whether we can understand Him or not, or whether we understand why or not.
Here, in Exodus 20:2 and Deuteronomy 5:6 GOD is saying, “I LORD GOD”. This seems quite adamant to me. There is no room for question. There is no room for doubt and unbelief.
LORD (Yehovah), the Self-Existent and Eternal GOD.
Exodus 6:3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.
Psalms 83:18 That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.
Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation.
Isaiah 26:4 Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength:
Where the Names are highlighted in orange the Name “Yehovah” is used in the Hebrew. Some will take exception to the statement made in Exodus 6:3 in order to attempt to disprove the Holy Bible. They do this with either an honest lack of understanding or possibly purposeful dishonesty. Their claim is that “Yehovah” is used quite frequently before this verse, even starting as early as Genesis 2. What they are not acknowledging, or the honest are not realizing, is that Genesis through Deuteronomy was compiled by Moses who did know Almighty GOD by the Name Yehovah to make it clear to all readers exactly WHO GOD IS, and which “God” he was referring to. The cultures and world around him worshiped many gods, but Moses was specifying that he was referring to Yehovah, the Self-Existent and Eternal GOD.
Yehovah is also the national Name for GOD used by Israel, but was not to be spoken by their tradition, except by the High Priest; this was in order to avoid using the Name of the LORD GOD in vain, or speaking blasphemy (to my understanding).
Yehovah is often used to signify that GOD (Yehovah) is the GOD of Covenant.
Elohiym is a plural word usually translated “God” in reference to the Supreme God (Almighty GOD), but is also translated a number of times with the other words shown above. Elohiym is also the Name used for God in Genesis One, showing Him to be the Creator of all that is created.
These three words all put together make what in my mind is quite an adamant and absolute statement, “I LORD GOD”. Again, there is no room for argument or misunderstanding. I AM the Self-Existent, Eternal, Supreme Covenant GOD of all creation. There is no one above or beside Him, and thus, HE IS THE ONE WHO has the right, and even the responsibility, to instruct us in the Commandments (Laws) of His Holy Kingdom, and how His Holy Kingdom works.